An epidemiological study of Streptococcus suis prevalence among swine at industrial swine farms in Northern Vietnam

Nguyen Thao Thi Nguyen, Yen Thi Hai Luu, Trung Duc Hoang, Huyen Xuan Nguyen, Tung Duy Dao, Vuong Nghia Bui, Gregory C. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Streptococcus suis is a zoonotic pathogen found in swine that may cause systemic infection in humans. S. suis is endemic in Southeast Asia and is the leading cause of adult meningitis in Vietnam. Given Vietnam's increasing centralization of the swine industry, we sought to estimate the prevalence of S. suis on large swine farms in Northern Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional, one-health-oriented, surveillance study for S. suis was conducted between October 2019–March 2020. Swine oral, swine worker nasal, and bioaerosol samples were collected from four large-scale swine farms (>500 swine) in three provinces in Northern Vietnam: Lao Cai, Bac Giang, and Quang Ninh. Samples were evaluated for presence of S. suis growth on blood agar plates and confirmed with conventional polymerase chain reaction. Results: The authors found that 4/174 (2.3%, 95% CI: 0.6–5.8%) of swine oral samples and 1/58 (1.7%, 95% CI: 0–9.2%) bioaerosol samples were positive for S. suis by bacterial culture and conventional PCR. S. suis was not detected in any swine worker nasal wash samples. There was no significant relationship between sampling location and month of sample collection with results of swine oral or bioaerosol samples. Conclusion: Compared to previous reports from slaughterhouses in Vietnam, the lower than expected prevalence of S. suis, supports the notion that that recent efforts to centralize Vietnam's pork industry through establishment of large-scale farms with better biosecurity may have been effective in limiting S. suis prevalence on these large farms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100254
JournalOne Health
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioaerosol
  • Streptococcus suis
  • Swine
  • Swine farms
  • Swine workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An epidemiological study of Streptococcus suis prevalence among swine at industrial swine farms in Northern Vietnam'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this