The rat angiotensinogen gene is induced in the course of the hepatic acute-phase response. We demonstrate that monocyte conditioned medium can stimulate transcription of a stably introduced reporter construct driven by 615 base pairs of the angiotensinogen 5′-flanking sequence, as well as the endogenous gene, in Reuber H35 cells. Point mutations of cis-acting element, located 545 base pairs from the transcription start site and sharing sequence identity with known nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB)-binding sites, led to loss of cytokine inducibility. When cloned upstream of a minimal promoter, this cis-acting element imparted transcriptional inducibility by monocyte conditioned medium, interleukin-1, and tumor necrosis factor on a luciferase reporter gene in HepG2 cells. Two distinct proteins bound this element in vitro: a heat-stable, constitutively present, hepatic nuclear protein that gave rise to a DNase I-protected footprint covering the functionally defined element; and a binding protein of different mobility, induced by monocyte conditioned medium, which also recognized the NFκB-binding site of the murine kappa light-chain enhancer. UV cross-linking showed this inducible protein to have an apparent molecular mass of 50 kilodaltons, similar to that described for NFκB and distinct from the constitutively present protein that was shown by Southwestern (DNA-protein) blot to have a molecular mass of 32 kilodaltons. Methylation interference analysis showed that the induced species made contact points with guanine residues in the NFκB consensus sequence typical of NFκB. Induction of this binding activity did not require new protein synthesis, and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate could mimic the induction by cytokines. We thus provide direct evidence for involvement of NFκB or a similar factor in the hepatic acute-phase response and discuss the potential role of the presence of a constitutive nuclear factor binding the same cis element.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Molecular and Cellular Biology|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology