An investigation of appearance motives for tanning: The development and evaluation of the Physical Appearance Reasons For Tanning Scale (PARTS) and its relation to sunbathing and indoor tanning intentions

Guy Cafri, J. Kevin Thompson, Megan Roehrig, Patricia van den Berg, Paul B. Jacobsen, Stephen Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motives for UV exposure have been shown to be related to appearance concerns, yet little research has examined specific tan appearance attitudes. Given this lacuna, Study 1 involved the identification of six factors among college female tanners: general attractiveness, media influence, family/friends influence, physical fitness appearance, acne reasons, and skin aging concerns. In Study 2, a separate sample of college female tanners were used to validate a higher order factor model, which demonstrated acceptable fit. Additionally, the factors converged in the expected directions, with the general attractiveness and skin aging concerns being the best correlate of UV exposure and sun-protection intentions. The relevance of these findings to skin cancer prevention is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-209
Number of pages11
JournalBody Image
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sunbathing
Tanning
Skin Aging
Physical Fitness
Acne Vulgaris
Skin Neoplasms
Solar System
Research
Body Physical Appearance

Keywords

  • Body image
  • Scale development
  • Skin cancer
  • Tanning
  • UV exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

An investigation of appearance motives for tanning : The development and evaluation of the Physical Appearance Reasons For Tanning Scale (PARTS) and its relation to sunbathing and indoor tanning intentions. / Cafri, Guy; Thompson, J. Kevin; Roehrig, Megan; van den Berg, Patricia; Jacobsen, Paul B.; Stark, Stephen.

In: Body Image, Vol. 3, No. 3, 09.2006, p. 199-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cafri, Guy ; Thompson, J. Kevin ; Roehrig, Megan ; van den Berg, Patricia ; Jacobsen, Paul B. ; Stark, Stephen. / An investigation of appearance motives for tanning : The development and evaluation of the Physical Appearance Reasons For Tanning Scale (PARTS) and its relation to sunbathing and indoor tanning intentions. In: Body Image. 2006 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 199-209.
@article{481a9b34cef749b0a01b9135a428daf5,
title = "An investigation of appearance motives for tanning: The development and evaluation of the Physical Appearance Reasons For Tanning Scale (PARTS) and its relation to sunbathing and indoor tanning intentions",
abstract = "Motives for UV exposure have been shown to be related to appearance concerns, yet little research has examined specific tan appearance attitudes. Given this lacuna, Study 1 involved the identification of six factors among college female tanners: general attractiveness, media influence, family/friends influence, physical fitness appearance, acne reasons, and skin aging concerns. In Study 2, a separate sample of college female tanners were used to validate a higher order factor model, which demonstrated acceptable fit. Additionally, the factors converged in the expected directions, with the general attractiveness and skin aging concerns being the best correlate of UV exposure and sun-protection intentions. The relevance of these findings to skin cancer prevention is discussed.",
keywords = "Body image, Scale development, Skin cancer, Tanning, UV exposure",
author = "Guy Cafri and Thompson, {J. Kevin} and Megan Roehrig and {van den Berg}, Patricia and Jacobsen, {Paul B.} and Stephen Stark",
year = "2006",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.bodyim.2006.05.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "199--209",
journal = "Body Image",
issn = "1740-1445",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An investigation of appearance motives for tanning

T2 - The development and evaluation of the Physical Appearance Reasons For Tanning Scale (PARTS) and its relation to sunbathing and indoor tanning intentions

AU - Cafri, Guy

AU - Thompson, J. Kevin

AU - Roehrig, Megan

AU - van den Berg, Patricia

AU - Jacobsen, Paul B.

AU - Stark, Stephen

PY - 2006/9

Y1 - 2006/9

N2 - Motives for UV exposure have been shown to be related to appearance concerns, yet little research has examined specific tan appearance attitudes. Given this lacuna, Study 1 involved the identification of six factors among college female tanners: general attractiveness, media influence, family/friends influence, physical fitness appearance, acne reasons, and skin aging concerns. In Study 2, a separate sample of college female tanners were used to validate a higher order factor model, which demonstrated acceptable fit. Additionally, the factors converged in the expected directions, with the general attractiveness and skin aging concerns being the best correlate of UV exposure and sun-protection intentions. The relevance of these findings to skin cancer prevention is discussed.

AB - Motives for UV exposure have been shown to be related to appearance concerns, yet little research has examined specific tan appearance attitudes. Given this lacuna, Study 1 involved the identification of six factors among college female tanners: general attractiveness, media influence, family/friends influence, physical fitness appearance, acne reasons, and skin aging concerns. In Study 2, a separate sample of college female tanners were used to validate a higher order factor model, which demonstrated acceptable fit. Additionally, the factors converged in the expected directions, with the general attractiveness and skin aging concerns being the best correlate of UV exposure and sun-protection intentions. The relevance of these findings to skin cancer prevention is discussed.

KW - Body image

KW - Scale development

KW - Skin cancer

KW - Tanning

KW - UV exposure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33746920010&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33746920010&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.bodyim.2006.05.002

DO - 10.1016/j.bodyim.2006.05.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 18089223

AN - SCOPUS:33746920010

VL - 3

SP - 199

EP - 209

JO - Body Image

JF - Body Image

SN - 1740-1445

IS - 3

ER -