An Umbrella Review of Self-Management Interventions for Health Conditions with Symptom Overlap with Traumatic Brain Injury

Angelle M. Sander, Monique R. Pappadis, Tamara Bushnik, Nancy D. Chiaravalloti, Simon Driver, Robin Hanks, Kirk Lercher, Dawn Neumann, Amanda Rabinowitz, Ronald T. Seel, Erica Weber, Rick K. Ralston, John Corrigan, Kurt Kroenke, Flora M. Hammond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To synthesize evidence for the effectiveness of self-management interventions for chronic health conditions that have symptom overlap with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in order to extract recommendations for self-management intervention in persons with TBI. Design: An umbrella review of existing systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials or nonrandomized studies targeting self-management of chronic conditions and specific outcomes relevant to persons with TBI. Method: A comprehensive literature search of 5 databases was conducted using PRISMA guidelines. Two independent reviewers conducted screening and data extraction using the Covidence web-based review platform. Quality assessment was conducted using criteria adapted from the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews-2 (AMSTAR-2). Results: A total of 26 reviews met the inclusion criteria, covering a range of chronic conditions and a range of outcomes. Seven reviews were of moderate or high quality and focused on self-management in persons with stroke, chronic pain, and psychiatric disorders with psychotic features. Self-management interventions were found to have positive effects on quality of life, self-efficacy, hope, reduction of disability, pain, relapse and rehospitalization rates, psychiatric symptoms, and occupational and social functioning. Conclusions: Findings are encouraging with regard to the effectiveness of self-management interventions in patients with symptoms similar to those of TBI. However, reviews did not address adaptation of self-management interventions for those with cognitive deficits or for populations with greater vulnerabilities, such as low education and older adults. Adaptations for TBI and its intersection with these special groups may be needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-151
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024

Keywords

  • management
  • self
  • self-management
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

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