Analysis of an intervention to reduce or prevent secondary conditions for people with spinal cord injuries

Jennifer L. Rowland, Glen W. White, David A. Wyatt

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    People with acute spinal cord injuries (SCI) are at risk for developing secondary conditions such as pressure sores, urinary tract infections, pain, weight gain and deconditioning, and depression. This study analyzed the effectiveness of an Internet assessment and feedback tool in determining secondary condition risk for this population based on individual responses to a knowledge and behavioral questionnaire. Seventy-one people with newly-diagnosed SCI who were treated at one of five Model Spinal Cord Injury Systems Centers were randomly assigned to either an experimental condition in which they received computerized feedback and one-on-one consultations based on their online questionnaire answers, or to a control condition in which they received no feedback until the study's completion. One year after the initial assessment, the online questionnaire was re-administered to all participants as a post-test. Three times between the pre- and post-test assessments researchers telephoned participants to administer phone surveys probing secondary condition development. Results indicate there were significant differences among race groups and between complete and incomplete injury status for pressure sore occurrence. This study represents a new era of interactive technology in health promotion that can serve as a basis for future research to decrease secondary condition risk for people with SCI.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)263-271
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
    Volume13
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2006

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    Keywords

    • Health behavior
    • Health promotion
    • People with disabilities
    • Secondary condition prevention
    • Spinal cord injury

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Clinical Psychology

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