Anatomic Study of the Deltoid Ligament of the Ankle

Prakash N. Panchani, Todd M. Chappell, Garrett D. Moore, R. Shane Tubbs, Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, Marios Loukas, Piotr B. Kozlowski, Khurram H. Khan, Anthony C. Dilandro, Anthony V. D'antoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


There is heterogeneity in the literature regarding the anatomy and number of ligamentous bands that form the deltoid ligament (DL). Anatomic knowledge of the DL and its variations are important for surgeons who repair ankle fractures. The DL was dissected in 33 ankles from 17 formalin-fixed cadavers (mean age at death, 76.6 years) to examine its morphology. The length, width, and thickness of its constituent bands were recorded with a digital caliper. Descriptive and correlational statistics were used to investigate the relationships between band size, age at death, and sex. A literature review was conducted to compare our data to those of previous studies. The DL has superficial and deep layers with up to 8 different bands. The DL stabilizes the medial ankle and should be evaluated in flatfoot deformities and severe ankle fractures. Anatomic knowledge of DL variations should aid the surgeon in repairing torn DLs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)916-921
Number of pages6
JournalFoot & Ankle International
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • anatomy
  • deltoid ligament
  • medial collateral ligament
  • morphology
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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