Angiopoietin-1 protects against airway inflammation and hyperreactivity in asthma

Davina C.M. Simoes, Theodoros Vassilakopoulos, Dimitrios Toumpanakis, Kalomira Petrochilou, Charis Roussos, Andreas Papapetropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: The angiopoietins (Ang) comprise a family of growth factors mainly known for their role in blood vessel formation and remodeling. The best-studied member, Ang-1, exhibits antiapoptotic and antiinflammatory effects. Although the involvement of Ang-1 in angiogenesis is well recognized, little information exists about its role in respiratory physiology and disease. On the basis of its ability to inhibit vascular permeability, adhesion molecule expression, and cytokine production, we hypothesized that Ang-1 administration might exert a protective role in asthma. Objectives: To determine changes in the expression of Ang and to assess the ability of Ang-1 to prevent the histologic, biochemical,and functional changes observed in an animal model of asthma. Methods: To test our hypothesis, a model of allergic airway disease that develops after ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge was used. Measurements and Main Results: Ang-1 expression was reduced at the mRNA and protein levels in lung tissue of mice sensitized and challenged with OVA, leading to reduced Tie2 phosphorylation. Intranasal Ang-1 treatment prevented the OVA-induced eosinophilic lung infiltration, attenuated the increase in IL-5 and IL-13, and reduced eotaxin and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 expression. These antiinflammatory actions of Ang-1 coincided with higher levels of IκB and decreased nuclear factor-κB binding activity. More importantly, Ang-1 reversed the OVA-induced increase in tissue resistance and elastance, improving lung function. Conclusions: We conclude that Ang-1 levels are decreased in asthma and that administration of Ang-1 might be of therapeutic value because it prevents the increased responsiveness of the airways to constrictors and ameliorates inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1314-1321
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume177
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Airway resistance
  • Eotaxin
  • Interleukin 5
  • Nuclear factor-κB
  • VCAM-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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