Aniline-induced nitrosative stress in rat spleen: Proteomic identification of nitrated proteins

Xiuzhen Fan, Jianling Wang, Kizhake Soman, Ghulam Ansari, M. Firoze Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Aniline exposure is associated with toxicity to the spleen which is characterized by splenomegaly, hyperplasia, fibrosis, and a variety of sarcomas on chronic exposure in rats. However, mechanisms by which aniline elicits splenotoxic responses are not well understood. Earlier we have shown that aniline exposure leads to increased nitration of proteins in the spleen. However, nitrated proteins remain to be characterized. Therefore, in the current study using proteomic approaches, we focused on characterizing the nitrated proteins in the spleen of aniline-exposed rats. Aniline exposure led to increased tyrosine nitration of proteins, as determined by 2D Western blotting with anti-3-nitrotyrosine specific antibody, compared to the controls. The analyzed nitrated proteins were found in the molecular weight range of 27.7 to 123.6. kDa. A total of 37 nitrated proteins were identified in aniline-treated and control spleens. Among them, 25 were found only in aniline-treated rats, 11 were present in both aniline-treated and control rats, while one was found in controls only. The nitrated proteins identified mainly represent skeletal proteins, chaperones, ferric iron transporter, enzymes, nucleic acids binding protein, and signaling and protein synthesis pathways. Furthermore, aniline exposure led to significantly increased iNOS mRNA and protein expression in the spleen, suggesting its role in increased reactive nitrogen species formation and contribution to increased nitrated proteins. The identified nitrated proteins provide a global map to further investigate alterations in their structural and functional properties, which will lead to a better understanding of the role of protein nitration in aniline-mediated splenic toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 15 2011


  • Aniline
  • Nitrated proteins
  • Proteomics
  • Reactive nitrogen species
  • Splenic toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology


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