Antenatal Exposure to Magnesium Sulfate and Neuroprotection in Preterm Infants

Maged M. Costantine, Nathan Drever

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebral palsy is a leading cause of childhood neuromotor disability and is strongly associated with preterm delivery. Basic science research and some observational studies have suggested a neuroprotective benefit from antenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate. Recent randomized controlled studies and meta-analyses suggest that antenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate before anticipated preterm birth is associated with reduction in the risk of developing cerebral palsy or its associated neurologic disabilities in surviving infants. More importantly. this benefit has been achieved without increasing the risk of perinatal mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-366
Number of pages16
JournalObstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Magnesium sulfate
  • Neuroprotection
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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