AbstractMicroglossia is an extremely rare developmental condition that might impact the patient's respiratory, feeding and speech functions, in addition to other intraoral structures. Embryologically, the tongue has 2 origins, which when affected, will determine whether the patient has microglossia or aglossia. A multidisciplinary team should adopt an organized approach based on confirmation by direct laryngoscopy, determination whether associated airway anomalies, mandibular deformities are present; followed by assessment of the ventilatory and feeding status. The involvement of multiple factors, the presence of several anatomical anomalies and the growth exerted by patients, confer microglossia a rather dynamic clinical entity. Two cases of microglossia depicting these features are presented along with review of the literature and a management algorithm.
- tongue development
ASJC Scopus subject areas