Anterior Tongue Microglossia: Impact on Face Development

Robert D. Wallace, Jordi Puente-Espel, Jerome W. Thompson, Petros Konofaos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


AbstractMicroglossia is an extremely rare developmental condition that might impact the patient's respiratory, feeding and speech functions, in addition to other intraoral structures. Embryologically, the tongue has 2 origins, which when affected, will determine whether the patient has microglossia or aglossia. A multidisciplinary team should adopt an organized approach based on confirmation by direct laryngoscopy, determination whether associated airway anomalies, mandibular deformities are present; followed by assessment of the ventilatory and feeding status. The involvement of multiple factors, the presence of several anatomical anomalies and the growth exerted by patients, confer microglossia a rather dynamic clinical entity. Two cases of microglossia depicting these features are presented along with review of the literature and a management algorithm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-975
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Aglossia
  • microglossia
  • tongue development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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