Antibodies to the Carboxyl Terminus of Mouse Interferon-γ Neutralize its Immunoregulatory and Antiviral Activities

M. P. Langford, D. A. Weigent, T. S. Chan, G. J. Stanton, H. M. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antibodies to a synthetic carboxy-terminal peptide (Cys-Ser-Leu-Arg-Lys-Arg-Lys-Arg-Ser-Arg-Abu) (γ-C-TP) of mouse interferon-γ (MuIFN-γ) were produced in rabbits. They neutralized the antiviral activity of MuIFN-γ but not that of MuIFN-α/β or human (Hu) IFN-α/β or -γ. They also inhibited the IFN-dependent enhancement of natural cytotoxic cells (NCC) and the in vivo plaque-forming cell (PFC) response to sheep red blood cells (SRBC). Thus, our results indicate that polyclonal antibodies specific for the nine carboxy-terminal amino acids of MuIFN-γ can specifically inhibit the antiviral and immunoregulatory activities of this IFN in vitro. In addition, our findings indicate that endogenous production of MuIFN-γ in vivo plays a role in development of the full antibody response to SRBC surface antigens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Interferon Research
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

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