Anticipated Impact of Dobbs v Jackson Women’s Health Organization on Training of Residents in Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Qualitative Analysis

Gynecologic Surgeons Collaborative Research in Pelvic Surgery Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background On June 24, 2022, the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Dobbs v Jackson Women’s Health Organization ended constitutional protection for abortion, thus severely restricting access to reproductive health care for millions of individuals. Concerns have arisen about the potential impact on medical students, residents, and fellows training in restricted areas and the effect on gynecologic training and the future provision of competent comprehensive women’s health care in the United States. Objective To qualitatively explore the anticipated impacts of the Dobbs ruling on training in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN). Methods A participatory action research approach employing methods of qualitative analysis was used. Trainees and leaders in national OB/GYN professional and academic organizations with missions related to clinical care and training of medical students, residents, and fellows in OB/GYN participated. Two focus groups were held via Zoom in July 2022. Using an iterative process, transcripts underwent coding by 2 independent researchers to identify categories and common themes. Themes were organized into categories and subcategories. An additional reviewer resolved discrepancies. Results Twenty-six OB/GYN leaders/stakeholders representing 14 OB/GYN societies along with 4 trainees participated. Eight thematic categories were identified: competency, provision of reproductive health care, residency selection, inequity in training, alternative training, law-based vs evidence-based medicine, morality and ethics, and uncertainty about next steps. Conclusions This qualitative study of leaders and learners in OB/GYN identified 8 themes of potential impacts of the Dobbs ruling on current and future training in OB/GYN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-347
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of graduate medical education
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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