Nucleotide sequencing of the two known cDNAs encoding human insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) predicts two different prohormone forms of IGF-I. The predicted prohormone amino acid sequences (E peptide regions) extend the carboxy-terminus of IGF-I by either an additional 35 (IGF-IA) or 77 (IGF-IB) amino acids. We developed an antiserum directed against a synthetic peptide which is unique to the E peptide region of IGF-IA prohormone. In a RIA using this antiserum, synthetic E peptide immunoreactivity was found in the serum of patients with chronic renal failure. The protein recognized by this antiserum has a mol wt of about 13, 000 by neutral gel filtration and about 19, 000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting. These data suggest that the E peptide region of the IGF-IA prohormone is expressed and circulates as part of the prohormone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical