Anxiety symptoms during pregnancy and postpartum

Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Loree A. Primeau, Ruth Levine, Gayle Olson, Z. Helen Wu, Abbey Berenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This cross-sectional study compared the distribution of anxiety symptoms among pregnant, non-pregnant, and postpartum women of lower socioeconomic status. Participants were 807 women who were pregnant (24-36 weeks), postpartum (2-8 weeks), or not pregnant. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed by the state-trait anxiety index and the Beck depression inventory, respectively. English and Spanish versions of the instrument were available. Group differences in anxiety were evaluated using analysis of variance. Multivariate regression was performed to evaluate differences in anxiety while controlling for marital status, education, race/ethnicity, employment, cohabitation, income, parity, history of depression/anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Anxiety scores were lower among postpartum women relative to pregnant and non-pregnant women (both P < 0.001), who did not differ (P = 0.99). After controlling for depressive symptoms and patient characteristics, anxiety remained lowest among postpartum women. Additionally, history of depression/anxiety and depressive symptoms were significant predictors of anxiety in the multivariate analysis. Comparatively low anxiety and depressive symptoms were observed among women who were 2-8 weeks postpartum. Anxiety symptoms that occur postpartum may not appear until later in the postpartum period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-162
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006

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Postpartum Period
Anxiety
Pregnancy
Depression
Marital Status
Parity
Social Class
Analysis of Variance
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Postpartum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Anxiety symptoms during pregnancy and postpartum. / Breitkopf, Carmen Radecki; Primeau, Loree A.; Levine, Ruth; Olson, Gayle; Wu, Z. Helen; Berenson, Abbey.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 27, No. 3, 01.09.2006, p. 157-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Breitkopf, Carmen Radecki ; Primeau, Loree A. ; Levine, Ruth ; Olson, Gayle ; Wu, Z. Helen ; Berenson, Abbey. / Anxiety symptoms during pregnancy and postpartum. In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2006 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 157-162.
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