This paper reports the results of serologic, structural, biochemical, and genetic studies indicating that Araguari virus, a previously unassigned viral agent, is a member of the family Orthomyxoviridae and genus Thogotovirus. Araguari virus has six RNA fragments; biologically, it shares several properties with other viruses in the family Orthomyxoviridae. Nucleotide sequencing of the RNA segments 4 (glycoprotein) and 5 (nucleoprotein) of Araguari virus aligned with the orthomyxoviruses, showing the closest relationship with Thogoto virus (sequence similarity = 61.9% and 69.1%, respectively, for glycoprotein and nucleoprotein), but also sharing a more distant similarity with Dhori and Influenza C viruses, especially for the glycoprotein gene. Based on these results, we propose that Araguari virus should be assigned as a new member of the family Orthomyxoviridae and genus Thogotovirus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases