Arthropod-borne flaviviruses

Lyle R. Petersen, Alan D.T. Barrett

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In 1901 the prototype flavivirus disease, yellow fever, was the first human illness shown to be caused by a filterable virus, and, in 1927, it became the first member of the flavivirus family to be isolated. The Flaviviridae derive their name from yellow (flavus, Latin) fever. From the medical perspective, the flaviviruses are the most important group of arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses). Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are major causes of human morbidity worldwide. Yellow fever remains an epidemic threat in Africa and South America. Since its introduction into North America, West Nile virus (WNV) has caused annual outbreaks of encephalitis and febrile illness in North America and has spread throughout the Americas as far south as Argentina; Japanese encephalitis (JE) remains a major cause of viral encephalitis in Asia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical Virology
Publisherwiley
Pages1267-1311
Number of pages45
ISBN (Electronic)9781683670674
ISBN (Print)9781555819422
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2016

Keywords

  • Antiviral treatment
  • Arthropod-borne flaviviruses
  • Biologic function
  • Clinical features
  • Clinical manifestations
  • Dengue pathogenesis
  • Dengue prevention
  • Postmortem diagnosis
  • Serologic diagnosis
  • Virology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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