Arthropod-borne viral infections associated with a fever outbreak in the Northern Province of Sudan

D. M. Watts, A. El-Tigani, B. A.M. Botros, A. W. Salib, J. G. Olson, M. McCarthy, T. G. Ksiazek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


An outbreak of acute febrile illness occurred during August and September 1989 in the Northern Province of Sudan coinciding with a high population density of phlebotomine sandflies. An investigation was conducted to determine whether arboviruses were associated with human illness during this outbreak. Sera were obtained from 185 febrile individuals and tested for IgG and IgM antibody to selected arboviruses by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The prevalence of IgG antibody was 59% for West Nile (WN), 53% for Sandfly Fever Sicilian (SFS), 32% for Sandfly Fever Naples (SFN), 39% for Yellow Fever (YF), 24% for dengue-2 (DEN-2), 23% for Rift Valley Fever (RVF), 12% for Chikungunya (CHIK) and 5% for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) viruses. Antibody prevalences tended to increase with age for WN and YF viruses. Antibody rates were about the same for males and females for most of the viruses tested. The prevalence of IgM antibody to SFN was 24% and reciprocal IgM titre exceeded 12 800 for some individuals suggesting that this virus was the cause of recent infection. The prevalence of IgM antibody for the other viruses did not exceed 5%. The study indicated that several arboviruses were endemic and some of them may have caused human disease ill the Northern Province of Sudan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-230
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • Arboviruses
  • Fever
  • Sudan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • Infectious Diseases


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