We assessed whether aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA), administered before reperfusion, abrogates the infarct size (IS)-limiting effect of atorvastatin (ATV). Statins reduce IS. This dose-dependent effect is mediated by upregulation of cycloxygenase-2 (COX2) and PGI2 production. Administration of selective COX2-inhibitors either with ATV for 3 days or immediately before coronary occlusion blocks the IS-limiting effect of ATV. Sprague-Dawley rats received 3-day ATV (10 mg·kg -1·day-1) or water alone. Rats underwent 30 min coronary artery occlusion and 4 h reperfusion (IS protocol, n = 8 in each group), or rats underwent 30 min coronary artery occlusion and 10 min reperfusion (enzyme expression and activity protocol, n = 4 in each group). Immediately before reperfusion rats received intravenous ASA (5, 10, or 20 mg/kg) or saline. Area-at-risk (AR) was assessed by blue dye and IS by triphenyltetrazolium chloride. ATV reduced IS (10.1 ± 1.4% of the AR) compared with controls (31.0 ± 2.2%). Intravenous ASA alone did not affect IS (29.0 ± 2.6%); however, ASA dose dependently (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) attenuated the protective effect of ATV on IS (15.8 ± 0.9%, 22.0 ± 1.6%, and 23.7 ± 3.8%, respectively). ASA dose dependently blocked the upregulation of COX2 by ATV. COX2 activity was as follows: control, 8.93 ± 0.90 pg/mg; ATV, 75.85 ± 1.08 pg/mg; ATV + ASA5, 34.39 ± 1.48 pg/mg; ATV + ASA10, 19.87 ± 1.10 pg/mg; and ATV + ASA20, 9.36 ± 0.94 pg/mg. ASA, administered before reperfusion in doses comparable to those used in the clinical setting, abrogates the IS-limiting effect of ATV in a model with mechanical occlusion of the coronary artery. This potential adverse interaction should be further investigated in the clinical setting of acute coronary syndromes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - Jun 2007|
- Acetylsalicylic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)