Assessment of coronary artery calcium scoring for statin treatment strategy according to ACC/AHA guidelines in asymptomatic Korean adults

Donghee Han, Bríain Hartaigh, Ji Hyun Lee, Asim Rizvi, Hyo Eun Park, Su Yeon Choi, Jidong Sung, Hyuk Jae Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) cholesterol management guidelines advocate the use of statin treatment for prevention of cardiovascular disease. We aimed to assess the usefulness of coronary artery calcium (CAC) for stratifying potential candidates of statin use among asymptomatic Korean individuals. Materials and Methods: A total of 31375 subjects who underwent CAC scoring as part of a general health examination were enrolled in the current study. Statin eligibility was categorized as statin recommended (SR), considered (SC), and not recommended (SN) according to ACC/AHA guidelines. Cox regression analysis was employed to estimate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidential intervals (CI) after stratifying the subjects according to CAC scores of 0, 1-100, and >100. Number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one mortality event during study follow up was calculated for each group. Results: Mean age was 54.4±7.5 years, and 76.3% were male. During a 5-year median follow-up (interquartile range; 3-7), there were 251 (0.8%) deaths from all-causes. A CAC >100 was independently associated with mortality across each statin group after adjusting for cardiac risk factors (e.g., SR: HR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.07-2.38; SC: HR, 2.98; 95% CI, 1.09-8.13, and SN: HR, 3.14; 95% CI, 1.08-9.17). Notably, patients with CAC >100 displayed a lower NNT in comparison to the absence of CAC or CAC 1-100 in SC and SN groups. Conclusion: In Korean asymptomatic individuals, CAC scoring might prove useful for reclassifying patient eligibility for receiving statin therapy based on updated 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalYonsei Medical Journal
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitor
  • Risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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