Evaluación de factores asociados al estado funcional en ancianos de 60 años o más en Bogotá, Colombia

Translated title of the contribution: Assessment of factors associated with functional status in 60 years-old and older adults in Bogotá, Colombia

Carlos Cano-Gutiérrez, Miguel Germán Borda, Carlos Reyes-Ortiz, Antonio J. Arciniegas, Rafael Samper Ternent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Functional impairment produces a wide range of negative effects such as difficulty in mobility, social isolation, decreased quality of life, disability and institutionalization. Thus, functional status measurement is a marker of social wellbeing. Objective: To determine and characterize the socio-demographic factors and health conditions related to functional impairment in older adults in Bogotá, Colombia. Materials and methods: Data was collected from the SABE Bogotá Study. Functional status was assessed using the Barthel and Lawton scales. Independent variables included socio-demographic factors, comorbidities, anthropometric measurements and physical activity (by tertiles). Bivariate analyzes were performed, and multivariate results were obtained using linear regression models. Results: There were 2,000 participants aged 60 years and older, with a mean age of 71.2 ± 8 years. Younger age (standardized beta = -0.15, p < 0.01), fewer medications (beta= -0.13, p < 0.01), higher MMSE score (beta = 0.3, p < 0.01), higher level of physical activity (middle beta tertile = 0.18, p < 0.01, and higher beta tertile= 0.18, p < 0.01vs lower tertile) and better performance in the handgrip test (beta= 0.10, p < 0.01) were associated with better function in daily life instrumental activities. Similarly, higher MMSE score (beta= 0.3, p < 0.01) and better performance in the handgrip test (beta= 0.07, p= 0.02) were associated with better function in daily life basic activities. Conclusions: We found several factors related with functional impairment, which are likely to be modified to reduce dependence in this population.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalBiomedica
Volume37
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Colombia
Linear Models
Demography
Institutionalization
Social Isolation
Linear regression
Comorbidity
Quality of Life
Health
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Evaluación de factores asociados al estado funcional en ancianos de 60 años o más en Bogotá, Colombia. / Cano-Gutiérrez, Carlos; Borda, Miguel Germán; Reyes-Ortiz, Carlos; Arciniegas, Antonio J.; Samper Ternent, Rafael.

In: Biomedica, Vol. 37, 01.04.2017, p. 57-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cano-Gutiérrez, Carlos ; Borda, Miguel Germán ; Reyes-Ortiz, Carlos ; Arciniegas, Antonio J. ; Samper Ternent, Rafael. / Evaluación de factores asociados al estado funcional en ancianos de 60 años o más en Bogotá, Colombia. In: Biomedica. 2017 ; Vol. 37. pp. 57-65.
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abstract = "Introduction: Functional impairment produces a wide range of negative effects such as difficulty in mobility, social isolation, decreased quality of life, disability and institutionalization. Thus, functional status measurement is a marker of social wellbeing. Objective: To determine and characterize the socio-demographic factors and health conditions related to functional impairment in older adults in Bogot{\'a}, Colombia. Materials and methods: Data was collected from the SABE Bogot{\'a} Study. Functional status was assessed using the Barthel and Lawton scales. Independent variables included socio-demographic factors, comorbidities, anthropometric measurements and physical activity (by tertiles). Bivariate analyzes were performed, and multivariate results were obtained using linear regression models. Results: There were 2,000 participants aged 60 years and older, with a mean age of 71.2 ± 8 years. Younger age (standardized beta = -0.15, p < 0.01), fewer medications (beta= -0.13, p < 0.01), higher MMSE score (beta = 0.3, p < 0.01), higher level of physical activity (middle beta tertile = 0.18, p < 0.01, and higher beta tertile= 0.18, p < 0.01vs lower tertile) and better performance in the handgrip test (beta= 0.10, p < 0.01) were associated with better function in daily life instrumental activities. Similarly, higher MMSE score (beta= 0.3, p < 0.01) and better performance in the handgrip test (beta= 0.07, p= 0.02) were associated with better function in daily life basic activities. Conclusions: We found several factors related with functional impairment, which are likely to be modified to reduce dependence in this population.",
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