Assisted reproductive technology and pregnancy outcome

Tracy Shevell, Fergal D. Malone, John Vidaver, T. Flint Porter, David A. Luthy, Christine H. Comstock, Gary Hankins, Keith Eddleman, Siobhan Dolan, Lorraine Dugoff, Sabrina Craigo, Ilan E. Timor, Stephen R. Carr, Honor M. Wolfe, Diana W. Bianchi, Mary E. D'Alton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

226 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) is associated with an increase in chromosomal abnormalities, fetal malformations, or adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A prospective database from a large multicenter investigation of singleton pregnancies, the First And Second Trimester Evaluation of Risk trial, was examined. Subjects were divided into 3 groups: no ART use, use of ovulation induction (with or without intrauterine insemination), and use of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess association between ART and adverse pregnancy outcomes (significance of differences was accepted at P < .05). RESULTS: A total of 36,062 pregnancies were analyzed: 34,286 (95.1%) were spontaneously conceived, 1,222 (3.4%) used ovulation induction, and 554 (1.5%) used IVF. There was no association between ART and fetal growth restriction, aneuploidy, or fetal anomalies after adjustment for age, race, marital status, years of education, prior preterm delivery, prior fetal anomaly, body mass index, smoking history, and bleeding in the current pregnancy. Ovulation induction was associated with a statistically significant increase in placental abruption, fetal loss after 24 weeks, and gestational diabetes after adjustment. Use of IVF was associated with a statistically significant increase in preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, placental abruption, placenta previa, and risk of cesarean delivery. CONCLUSION: Patients who undergo IVF are at increased risk for several adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although many of these risks are not seen in patients undergoing ovulation induction, several adverse pregnancy outcomes are still increased in this group. There was no increased incidence of fetal chromosomal or structural abnormalities in the women who used any type of ART compared with the women who conceived spontaneously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1039-1045
Number of pages7
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume106
Issue number5 I
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Shevell, T., Malone, F. D., Vidaver, J., Porter, T. F., Luthy, D. A., Comstock, C. H., Hankins, G., Eddleman, K., Dolan, S., Dugoff, L., Craigo, S., Timor, I. E., Carr, S. R., Wolfe, H. M., Bianchi, D. W., & D'Alton, M. E. (2005). Assisted reproductive technology and pregnancy outcome. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 106(5 I), 1039-1045.