Association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in a healthy elderly population

James Goodwin, J. M. Goodwin, P. J. Garry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

386 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated the association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in 260 noninstitutionalized men and women older than 60 years who had no known physical illnesses and were receiving no medications. Nutritional status was evaluated by three-day food records and also by biochemical determination of blood levels of specific nutrients. Cognitive status was evaluated by the Halstead-Reitan Categories Test (a nonverbal test of abstract thinking ability) and by the Wechsler Memory Test. Subjects with low blood levels of vitamin C or B12 scored worse on both tests. Subjects with low levels of riboflavin or folic acid scored worse on the categories test. These differences remained significant after controlling for age, gender, level of income, and amount of education. 'Subclinical' malnutrition may play a small role in the depression of cognitive function detectable in some elderly individuals, or depressed cognitive function may result in reduced nutrient intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2917-2921
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume249
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nutritional Status
Food
Cognition
Population
Aptitude
Riboflavin
Vitamin B 12
Folic Acid
Malnutrition
Ascorbic Acid
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in a healthy elderly population. / Goodwin, James; Goodwin, J. M.; Garry, P. J.

In: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 249, No. 21, 1983, p. 2917-2921.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{182006b471eb45d294450f11cec73e42,
title = "Association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in a healthy elderly population",
abstract = "We evaluated the association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in 260 noninstitutionalized men and women older than 60 years who had no known physical illnesses and were receiving no medications. Nutritional status was evaluated by three-day food records and also by biochemical determination of blood levels of specific nutrients. Cognitive status was evaluated by the Halstead-Reitan Categories Test (a nonverbal test of abstract thinking ability) and by the Wechsler Memory Test. Subjects with low blood levels of vitamin C or B12 scored worse on both tests. Subjects with low levels of riboflavin or folic acid scored worse on the categories test. These differences remained significant after controlling for age, gender, level of income, and amount of education. 'Subclinical' malnutrition may play a small role in the depression of cognitive function detectable in some elderly individuals, or depressed cognitive function may result in reduced nutrient intake.",
author = "James Goodwin and Goodwin, {J. M.} and Garry, {P. J.}",
year = "1983",
doi = "10.1001/jama.249.21.2917",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "249",
pages = "2917--2921",
journal = "JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association",
issn = "0002-9955",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "21",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in a healthy elderly population

AU - Goodwin, James

AU - Goodwin, J. M.

AU - Garry, P. J.

PY - 1983

Y1 - 1983

N2 - We evaluated the association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in 260 noninstitutionalized men and women older than 60 years who had no known physical illnesses and were receiving no medications. Nutritional status was evaluated by three-day food records and also by biochemical determination of blood levels of specific nutrients. Cognitive status was evaluated by the Halstead-Reitan Categories Test (a nonverbal test of abstract thinking ability) and by the Wechsler Memory Test. Subjects with low blood levels of vitamin C or B12 scored worse on both tests. Subjects with low levels of riboflavin or folic acid scored worse on the categories test. These differences remained significant after controlling for age, gender, level of income, and amount of education. 'Subclinical' malnutrition may play a small role in the depression of cognitive function detectable in some elderly individuals, or depressed cognitive function may result in reduced nutrient intake.

AB - We evaluated the association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in 260 noninstitutionalized men and women older than 60 years who had no known physical illnesses and were receiving no medications. Nutritional status was evaluated by three-day food records and also by biochemical determination of blood levels of specific nutrients. Cognitive status was evaluated by the Halstead-Reitan Categories Test (a nonverbal test of abstract thinking ability) and by the Wechsler Memory Test. Subjects with low blood levels of vitamin C or B12 scored worse on both tests. Subjects with low levels of riboflavin or folic acid scored worse on the categories test. These differences remained significant after controlling for age, gender, level of income, and amount of education. 'Subclinical' malnutrition may play a small role in the depression of cognitive function detectable in some elderly individuals, or depressed cognitive function may result in reduced nutrient intake.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0020582844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0020582844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1001/jama.249.21.2917

DO - 10.1001/jama.249.21.2917

M3 - Article

C2 - 6842805

AN - SCOPUS:0020582844

VL - 249

SP - 2917

EP - 2921

JO - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

JF - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

SN - 0002-9955

IS - 21

ER -