Association Between Opioid Use and Diabetes in Patients With Ankle Fracture Repair

Wenye Song, Naohiro Shibuya, Daniel C. Jupiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ankle fractures in patients with diabetes mellitus have long been recognized as a challenge to practicing clinicians. Ankle fracture patients with diabetes may experience prolonged healing, higher risk of hardware failure, an increased risk of wound dehiscence and infection, and higher pain scores pre- and postoperatively, compared to patients without diabetes. However, the duration of opioid use among this patient cohort has not been previously evaluated. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively compare the time span of opioid utilization between ankle fracture patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using our institution’s TriNetX database. A total of 640 ankle fracture patients were included in the analysis, of whom 73 had diabetes. All dates of opioid use for each patient were extracted from the data set, including the first and last date of opioid prescription. Descriptive analysis and logistic regression models were employed to explore the differences in opioid use between patients with and without diabetes after ankle fracture repair. A 2-tailed P value of.05 was set as the threshold for statistical significance. Results: Logistic regression models revealed that patients with diabetes are less likely to stop using opioids within 90 days, or within 180 days, after repair compared to patients without diabetes. Female sex, neuropathy, and prefracture opioid use are also associated with prolonged opioid use after ankle fracture repair. Conclusion: In our study cohort, ankle fracture patients with diabetes were more likely to require prolonged opioid use after fracture repair. Level of Evidence: Level III, prognostic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-567
Number of pages8
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • ankle fractures
  • diabetes mellitus
  • operative surgical procedures
  • opioids
  • postoperative pain management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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