Introduction: Anemia at presentation is associated with worse outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We aim to investigate the association of anemia parameters with functional dependence and mortality in patients who undergo mechanical thrombectomy (MT). Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent MT for an anterior circulation large vessel occlusion at a comprehensive stroke center from 1/2015–6/2020. Anemia was considered as a dichotomous categorical variable with a cutoff point of hemoglobin (Hb) < 12.0 g/dL in women and < 13.0 g/dL in men, as per the definition of the World Health Organization. Mean values of Hb and hematocrit (HCT) were obtained over the first five days of admission. Hemoglobin and HCT variability were measured using standard deviation (SD), and coefficient variability (CV) over the first five days of admission. Values of variance and difference (the difference between peak and trough of Hemoglobin or HCT) were also recorded. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed, including the predictor variables which were contributing significantly to the model (P < 0.05) in the univariate analysis, with 30-day functional dependence (mRS 3–6) (primary outcome) and 30-day mortality (secondary outcome) as the dependent variables. Results: 188 patients met our inclusion criteria. Anemia on presentation, lower mean and minimum values of five-day Hb and HCT, and higher variability in five-day Hb and HCT parameters were associated with higher 3-month mortality. Men with lower mean and minimum values of five-day Hb and HCT had a significantly higher likelihood of functional dependence at 3-months. This finding was not replicated amongst women in our cohort. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated higher 3-mortality in patients with anemia and Hb variability. Our study also demonstrated a higher likelihood of functional dependence in patients amongst men with anemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology