Association of CD44 isoform immunohistochemical expression with myometrial and vascular invasion in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma

Gary N. Stokes, Jack B. Shelton, Christopher M. Zahn, Brian S. Kendall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objective. Appropriate clinical management of cases of FIGO Grade I and II endometrial carcinoma relies heavily on the determination of myometrial invasion (MI). There are no reports addressing expression of the cell adhesion molecule CD44 in the subset of Grade I and II endometrioid carcinoma (EC) as it relates to prognosis, including MI. Methods. Immunohistochemical staining for CD44s and CD44v6 was evaluated in 40 hysterectomy specimens with Grade I and II EC, including 11 noninvasive ECs, 14 with MI <50% of myometrial thickness, and 15 with deep invasion (MI >50%). Staining characteristics according to the presence of MI and vascular space invasion (VSI) were evaluated. Strong membranous staining of > 10% of tumor cells was interpreted as positive. Results. CD44v6 staining was positive in 20% (8/40) of cases, including 45% (5/11) of EC without MI but only 10% (3/29) with MI (P = 0.025). CD44v6 staining was not present in deeply invasive tumors (0/15), while it was present in 8/25 superficially or noninvasive tumors (P = 0.016). Sensitivity and specificity were 25 and 100%, respectively, using CD44v6 in evaluating deep myometrial invasion. CD44s showed a trend toward positive staining when comparing noninvasive versus invasive tumors and noninvasive/superficially invasive versus deeply invasive tumors (P = 0.08 and 0.12, respectively). CD44s or CD44v6 staining was highly specific for absence of VSI, although statistical comparison did not reach significance. Conclusion. Deeply invasive EC was associated with a consistent lack of CD44v6 expression. This may have potential clinical utility if this finding is demonstrated in further Study of prehysterectomy sampling specimens containing Er.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-61
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • CD44v6
  • Cell adhesion molecule
  • Endometrial carcinoma
  • Invasion
  • Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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