Association of Pain on Hospital Discharge with the Risk of 30-Day Readmission in Patients with Total Hip and Knee Replacement

Ickpyo Hong, Jordan R. Westra, James S. Goodwin, Amol Karmarkar, Yong Fang Kuo, Kenneth J. Ottenbacher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: It is not clear if there is a risk of 30-day readmissions following total hip and knee arthroplasty in patients reporting high levels of pain at hospital discharge. We examined the relationship between post-surgical pain on the day of discharge and 30-day readmission in patients who received total knee and hip arthroplasty. Methods: Retrospective cohort study was conducted of patients who received total knee (n = 155,284) or hip arthroplasty (n = 89,283) from 2011 to 2018 using electronic health records from the Optum database. Four categories of pain at discharge were created, from none to severe. Multivariate logistic regression models to predict 30-day all-cause readmission were adjusted for patient and clinical characteristics and built separately for knee and hip arthroplasty patients. Results: Mean ages for hip and knee patients were 64.4 (standard deviation 11.3) and 65.7 (standard deviation 9.7) years, respectively. The majority of patients were female (hip: 54.4%; knee: 61.5%). The unadjusted rate of 30-day readmission was 3.54% for hip replacement and 3.66% for knee replacement. In models adjusted for patient and clinical characteristics, for patients with total hip replacement, the odds of 30-day readmission for those with severe pain score at discharge vs those with no pain at discharge were 1.60 (95% confidence interval 1.33-1.92). Similarly, readmission likelihood increased as pain at discharge increased (severe pain vs no pain) for patients with total knee arthroplasty (odds ratio 1.38, 95% confidence interval 1.19-1.59). Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that the pain scores on the day of discharge are associated with 30-day hospital readmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • 30-day readmission
  • electronic health records
  • hip arthroplasty
  • knee arthroplasty
  • pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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