Evidence of strong associations of Est 1 alleles with the 2L, 2L1 and 2L3 gene arrangements of the left arm of the second chromosome in D. robusta is presented. Each gene arrangement is polymorphic for three to four Est 1 alleles. The allele frequencies differ in the 2L3 and 2L arrangements; the allele Est 1(.92) is 8% in the 2L3 arrangement (n=203) - this allele is 82% in the 2L arrangement (n=203); the allele Est 1(1.0) is 66% and 14.8% in the 2L3 and 2L arrangements, respectively. There are no differences in allele frequencies in 2L3 arrangements from any of the widely separated seven different populations; similarly the allele frequencies in the 2L arrangement are alike in all five widely separated populations studied. The allele frequencies in the 2L1 arrangement are intermediate to those observed in the 2L3 and the 2L arrangements and show north south clinal change. These associations between Est 1 alleles and gene arrangements of the left arm of the second chromosome are due to natural selection favoring different allele frequencies in different gene arrangements, as a result of epistatic interactions between the Est 1 locus and the loci on the gene arrangements. It was observed that the proportion of heterozygotes is greater in the inversion heterokaryotypes than in the homokaryotypes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1973|
ASJC Scopus subject areas