Attenuation of pulmonary vascular hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy with sitaxsentan sodium, an orally active ET(A) receptor antagonist

Ronald G. Tilton, Christy L. Munsch, Sidney J. Sherwood, Shi Juan Chen, Yiu Fai Chen, Chengda Wu, Natalie Block, Richard A.F. Dixon, Tommy A. Brock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of sitaxsentan (TBC11251), an orally active, highly selective antagonist of endothelin A receptors, were examined on the development and maintenance of pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary vascular remodeling, and cardiac hypertrophy in the rat. The pulmonary vasoconstrictor response to acute hypoxia (10% O2 for 90 min) was prevented with sitaxsentan (5 mg/kg infused iv 10 min prior to the onset of hypoxia) while BQ-788 (a specific endothelin B receptor antagonist) was without effect. The same dose of sitaxsentan delivered iv 50 min after the onset of hypoxia reversed the established pulmonary vasoconstriction. In a 2-week model of hypoxia using 10% O2, treatment with sitaxsentan (15 mg/kg per day in drinking water) attenuated pulmonary hypertension and the associated right ventricular hypertrophy, and prevented the remodeling of small pulmonary arteries (50-100 μm) without affecting systemic arterial blood pressure or heart rate. Institution of sitaxsentan treatment (15 and 30 mg/kg per day in drinking water) for 4 weeks after 2 weeks of untreated hypoxia produced a significant, dose dependent reversal of the established pulmonary hypertension, right heart hypertrophy, and pulmonary vascular remodeling despite continued hypoxic exposure. Sitaxsentan blocked increased plasma endothelin levels in the prevention protocol but did not affect the established elevated levels in the intervention study. Sitaxsentan dose dependently (10 and 50 mg/kg per day in the drinking water) attenuated right ventricular systolic pressure, right heart hypertrophy, and pulmonary vascular remodeling observed 3 weeks after a single subcutaneous injection of monocrotaline. These findings support the hypothesis that endothelin-1 plays a significant role in the development of pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary vascular remodeling, and the associated cardiac hypertrophy, and further suggest that specific endothelin-A receptor blockade may be useful in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension of diverse etiologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-97
Number of pages11
JournalPulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Endothelin
  • Heart rate
  • Mean pulmonary artery pressure
  • Mean systemic arterial pressure
  • Monocrotaline
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Tilton, R. G., Munsch, C. L., Sherwood, S. J., Chen, S. J., Chen, Y. F., Wu, C., Block, N., Dixon, R. A. F., & Brock, T. A. (2000). Attenuation of pulmonary vascular hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy with sitaxsentan sodium, an orally active ET(A) receptor antagonist. Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 13(2), 87-97. https://doi.org/10.1006/pupt.2000.0237