Non-virus-producing hematopoietic cells transformed in vitro by reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV-T) induce lethal "reticuloendotheliosis" when inoculated into histocompatible chickens. This is the first direct demonstration that an in vivo target cell of an avian acute leukemia virus can be transformed in vitro. The tumorigenic, REV-T-transformed non-virus-producing cells fail to express helper-virus-coded proteins. REV-T-transformed tumorigenic cells therefore do not require helper-virus functions. Cells transformed in vivo or in vitro by REV-T have lymphoblastoid morphology and express low levels of terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase activity and bursal-cell determinants. One clone synthesized Ig μ. The preferred target cells for REV-T transformation are therefore immature lymphoid cells that express B-cell determinants. We propose that the unique transforming sequence of REV-T be designated rel (lymphoid).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)