Avoiding pitfalls: What an endoscopist should know in liver transplantation-part ii

Sharad Sharma, Ahmet Gurakar, Cemalettin Camci, Nicolas Jabbour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Over the last decade the number of patients undergoing transplantation has increased. At the same time, effective peri- and postoperative care and better surgical techniques have resulted in greater numbers of recipients achieving long-term survival. Identification and effective management in the form of adequate treatment is essential, since any delay in diagnosis or treatment may result in graft loss or serious threat to patient's life. Various aspects of endoscopic findings that can be commonly encountered among liver transplant recipients are discussed herein. Topics include: persistent and/or recurrent esophageal varices, reflux, Candida or cytomegalovirus (CMV) esophagitis, esophageal neoplasms, posttransplant peptic ulcer, biliary complications, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD), Kaposi's sarcoma, CMV colitis and inflammatory bowel disease, colonic neoplasms, Clostridium difficile infection, and graft versus host disease (GVHD).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1386-1402
Number of pages17
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • CMV
  • Candida
  • Clostridium difficile
  • Colitis
  • Endoscopy
  • Esophagitis
  • GVHD
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Kaposi sarcoma
  • Liver transplant
  • Neoplasm
  • PTLD
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Reflux
  • Varices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology


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