Bacteriology of middle ear effusions

K. H. Calhoun, W. B. Norris, J. A. Hokanson, C. M. Stiernberg, F. B. Quinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied fluid obtained from middle ear effusions (MEEs) during 908 myringotomy and tube insertion procedures on 495 children aged 4 months to 12 years. Under general anesthesia the external auditory canal was sterilized with povidone-iodine (Betadine) and alcohol, and myringotomy was done. Fluid was aspirated into a Luki tube and sent for culture and sensitivity determination. The median age of patients was 3 years 5 months; 1-year-old children comprised the largest single group. Two thirds of the children were male. Effusion was present in three fourths of the ears; in about 20% of these, culture grew bacteria. Haemophilus influenzae made up almost 50% of the pathogens, with the percentage decreasing with age. Almost 90% of the H influenzae organisms were sensitive to erythromycin, and about three fourths to ampicillin and cephalosporin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-336
Number of pages5
JournalSouthern Medical Journal
Volume81
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1988

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Otitis Media with Effusion
Bacteriology
Povidone-Iodine
Ear Canal
Haemophilus influenzae
Erythromycin
Cephalosporins
Ampicillin
General Anesthesia
Human Influenza
Ear
Alcohols
Bacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Calhoun, K. H., Norris, W. B., Hokanson, J. A., Stiernberg, C. M., & Quinn, F. B. (1988). Bacteriology of middle ear effusions. Southern Medical Journal, 81(3), 332-336.

Bacteriology of middle ear effusions. / Calhoun, K. H.; Norris, W. B.; Hokanson, J. A.; Stiernberg, C. M.; Quinn, F. B.

In: Southern Medical Journal, Vol. 81, No. 3, 1988, p. 332-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Calhoun, KH, Norris, WB, Hokanson, JA, Stiernberg, CM & Quinn, FB 1988, 'Bacteriology of middle ear effusions', Southern Medical Journal, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 332-336.
Calhoun KH, Norris WB, Hokanson JA, Stiernberg CM, Quinn FB. Bacteriology of middle ear effusions. Southern Medical Journal. 1988;81(3):332-336.
Calhoun, K. H. ; Norris, W. B. ; Hokanson, J. A. ; Stiernberg, C. M. ; Quinn, F. B. / Bacteriology of middle ear effusions. In: Southern Medical Journal. 1988 ; Vol. 81, No. 3. pp. 332-336.
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