Baricitinib Treatment of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Is Associated With a Reduction in Secondary Infections

Daniel A. Sweeney, Bonifride Tuyishimire, Neera Ahuja, John H. Beigel, Tatiana Beresnev, Valeria D. Cantos, Jose G. Castro, Stuart H. Cohen, Kaitlyn Cross, Lori E. Dodd, Nathan Erdmann, Monica Fung, Varduhi Ghazaryan, Sarah L. George, Kevin A. Grimes, Noreen A. Hynes, Kathleen G. Julian, Sheetal Kandiah, Hannah Jang Kim, Corri B. LevineDavid A. Lindholm, David C. Lye, Ryan C. Maves, Myoung Don Oh, Catharine Paules, Rekha R. Rapaka, Willam R. Short, Kay M. Tomashek, Cameron R. Wolfe, Andre C. Kalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We performed a secondary analysis of the National Institutes of Health-sponsored Adaptive COVID-19 Treatment Trial (ACTT-2) randomized controlled trial and found that baricitinib was associated with a 50% reduction in secondary infections after controlling for baseline and postrandomization patient characteristics. This finding provides a novel mechanism of benefit for baricitinib and supports the safety profile of this immunomodulator for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberofad205
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • baricitinib
  • COVID-19
  • secondary infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Infectious Diseases


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