Bats as reservoirs of severe emerging infectious diseases

Hui Ju Han, Hong ling Wen, Chuan Min Zhou, Fang Fang Chen, Li Mei Luo, Jian wei Liu, Xue Jie Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years severe infectious diseases have been constantly emerging, causing panic in the world. Now we know that many of these terrible diseases are caused by viruses originated from bats (Table 1), such as Ebola virus, Marburg, SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV), Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV). These viruses have co-evolved with bats due to bats' special social, biological and immunological features. Although bats are not in close contact with humans, spillover of viruses from bats to intermediate animal hosts, such as horses, pigs, civets, or non-human primates, is thought to be the most likely mode to cause human infection. Humans may also become infected with viruses through aerosol by intruding into bat roosting caves or via direct contact with bats, such as catching bats or been bitten by bats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalVirus Research
Volume205
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2015

Keywords

  • Bat
  • Ebola
  • Emerging infectious diseases
  • Hendra
  • MERS
  • Natural reservoir
  • Nipah
  • SARS
  • Viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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  • Cite this

    Han, H. J., Wen, H. L., Zhou, C. M., Chen, F. F., Luo, L. M., Liu, J. W., & Yu, X. J. (2015). Bats as reservoirs of severe emerging infectious diseases. Virus Research, 205, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2015.05.006