Bcl-2 localized at the nuclear compartment induces apoptosis after transient overexpression

Bryce Patrick Portier, Giulio Taglialatela

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    50 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Bcl-2 is the best characterized member of a large family of proteins that regulate apoptosis. Although it is established that Bcl-2 localized at the mitochondria functions as an anti-apoptotic protein, the function of Bcl-2 at the nucleus remains unclear. Recently we showed that nuclear compartment-associated Bcl-2 inhibits transcription factor activation. Based on this observation, we hypothesized that presence of Bcl-2 at the nucleus may induce rather than protect cells from apoptosis. Here we investigated the putative apoptotic role of nuclear compartment-associated Bcl-2. Additionally, we examined the role of the Bcl-2 BH4 domain in mediating binding to FKBP38, the Bcl-2 mitochondrial chaperone. Our results demonstrate a novel, pro-apoptotic function for nuclear Bcl-2 and identify the Bcl-2 BH4 domain as a key regulator in mediating Bcl-2/FKBP38 binding. These results indicate that Bcl-2 has a dual role as both a protector and a killer and that the ability to switch roles depends on Bcl-2 subcellular localization.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)40493-40502
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume281
    Issue number52
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 29 2006

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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