Benchmarking outcomes in the critically injured burn patient

Matthew B. Klein, Jeremy Goverman, Douglas L. Hayden, Shawn P. Fagan, Grace P. McDonald-Smith, Andrew K. Alexander, Richard L. Gamelli, Nicole S. Gibran, Celeste Finnerty, Marc G. Jeschke, Brett Arnoldo, Bram Wispelwey, Michael N. Mindrinos, Wenzhong Xiao, Shari E. Honari, Philip H. Mason, David A. Schoenfeld, David Herndon, Ronald G. Tompkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare outcomes with accepted benchmarks in burn care at 6 academic burn centers. BACKGROUND: Since the 1960s, US morbidity and mortality rates have declined tremendously for burn patients, likely related to improvements in surgical and critical care treatment. We describe the baseline patient characteristics and well-defined outcomes for major burn injuries. METHODS: We followed 300 adults and 241 children from 2003 to 2009 through hospitalization, using standard operating procedures developed at study onset. We created an extensive database on patient and injury characteristics, anatomic and physiological derangement, clinical treatment, and outcomes. These data were compared with existing benchmarks in burn care. RESULTS: Study patients were critically injured, as demonstrated by mean % total body surface area (TBSA) (41.2 ± 18.3 for adults and 57.8 ± 18.2 for children) and presence of inhalation injury in 38% of the adults and 54.8% of the children. Mortality in adults was 14.1% for those younger than 55 years and 38.5% for those aged 55 years and older. Mortality in patients younger than 17 years was 7.9%. Overall, the multiple organ failure rate was 27%. When controlling for age and % TBSA, presence of inhalation injury continues to be significant. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the current benchmark for major burn patients. Mortality rates, notwithstanding significant % TBSA and presence of inhalation injury, have significantly declined compared with previous benchmarks. Modern day surgical and medically intensive management has markedly improved to the point where we can expect patients younger than 55 years with severe burn injuries and inhalation injury to survive these devastating conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-841
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume259
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Benchmarking
Wounds and Injuries
Body Surface Area
Inhalation
Mortality
Inhalation Burns
Burn Units
Multiple Organ Failure
Critical Care
Hospitalization
Databases
Morbidity

Keywords

  • benchmark
  • burns
  • inhalation injury
  • mortality
  • organ failure
  • outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Klein, M. B., Goverman, J., Hayden, D. L., Fagan, S. P., McDonald-Smith, G. P., Alexander, A. K., ... Tompkins, R. G. (2014). Benchmarking outcomes in the critically injured burn patient. Annals of Surgery, 259(5), 833-841. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000000438

Benchmarking outcomes in the critically injured burn patient. / Klein, Matthew B.; Goverman, Jeremy; Hayden, Douglas L.; Fagan, Shawn P.; McDonald-Smith, Grace P.; Alexander, Andrew K.; Gamelli, Richard L.; Gibran, Nicole S.; Finnerty, Celeste; Jeschke, Marc G.; Arnoldo, Brett; Wispelwey, Bram; Mindrinos, Michael N.; Xiao, Wenzhong; Honari, Shari E.; Mason, Philip H.; Schoenfeld, David A.; Herndon, David; Tompkins, Ronald G.

In: Annals of Surgery, Vol. 259, No. 5, 2014, p. 833-841.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klein, MB, Goverman, J, Hayden, DL, Fagan, SP, McDonald-Smith, GP, Alexander, AK, Gamelli, RL, Gibran, NS, Finnerty, C, Jeschke, MG, Arnoldo, B, Wispelwey, B, Mindrinos, MN, Xiao, W, Honari, SE, Mason, PH, Schoenfeld, DA, Herndon, D & Tompkins, RG 2014, 'Benchmarking outcomes in the critically injured burn patient', Annals of Surgery, vol. 259, no. 5, pp. 833-841. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000000438
Klein MB, Goverman J, Hayden DL, Fagan SP, McDonald-Smith GP, Alexander AK et al. Benchmarking outcomes in the critically injured burn patient. Annals of Surgery. 2014;259(5):833-841. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000000438
Klein, Matthew B. ; Goverman, Jeremy ; Hayden, Douglas L. ; Fagan, Shawn P. ; McDonald-Smith, Grace P. ; Alexander, Andrew K. ; Gamelli, Richard L. ; Gibran, Nicole S. ; Finnerty, Celeste ; Jeschke, Marc G. ; Arnoldo, Brett ; Wispelwey, Bram ; Mindrinos, Michael N. ; Xiao, Wenzhong ; Honari, Shari E. ; Mason, Philip H. ; Schoenfeld, David A. ; Herndon, David ; Tompkins, Ronald G. / Benchmarking outcomes in the critically injured burn patient. In: Annals of Surgery. 2014 ; Vol. 259, No. 5. pp. 833-841.
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AU - Gamelli, Richard L.

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AU - Mindrinos, Michael N.

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AU - Mason, Philip H.

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AU - Tompkins, Ronald G.

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare outcomes with accepted benchmarks in burn care at 6 academic burn centers. BACKGROUND: Since the 1960s, US morbidity and mortality rates have declined tremendously for burn patients, likely related to improvements in surgical and critical care treatment. We describe the baseline patient characteristics and well-defined outcomes for major burn injuries. METHODS: We followed 300 adults and 241 children from 2003 to 2009 through hospitalization, using standard operating procedures developed at study onset. We created an extensive database on patient and injury characteristics, anatomic and physiological derangement, clinical treatment, and outcomes. These data were compared with existing benchmarks in burn care. RESULTS: Study patients were critically injured, as demonstrated by mean % total body surface area (TBSA) (41.2 ± 18.3 for adults and 57.8 ± 18.2 for children) and presence of inhalation injury in 38% of the adults and 54.8% of the children. Mortality in adults was 14.1% for those younger than 55 years and 38.5% for those aged 55 years and older. Mortality in patients younger than 17 years was 7.9%. Overall, the multiple organ failure rate was 27%. When controlling for age and % TBSA, presence of inhalation injury continues to be significant. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the current benchmark for major burn patients. Mortality rates, notwithstanding significant % TBSA and presence of inhalation injury, have significantly declined compared with previous benchmarks. Modern day surgical and medically intensive management has markedly improved to the point where we can expect patients younger than 55 years with severe burn injuries and inhalation injury to survive these devastating conditions.

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