Beta-Blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers, and Mortality in Stable Coronary Artery Disease

Jose B. Cruz Rodriguez, Haider Alkhateeb

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: To examine the current clinical evidence behind the use of calcium channel blockers (CCB) and beta-blockers (BB) for the treatment of patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) and their effect on mortality. Recent Findings: Current evidence suggests that BB use as a first line antianginal medication is associated with lower 5-year all-cause mortality only in patients who had MI within a year. This could be driven due to their effects reducing the sympathetic neuro-hormonal activation of more acutely ill patients. The use of CCB as an antianginal therapy, although proven effective in multiple trials both as monotherapy and combined with other agents, has not shown mortality benefit. Summary: Both BB and CCB are effective antianginals, and the selection among them depends on the patient clinical presentation and comorbidities. BB are the only ones that have shown survival benefit in SCAD, particularly the first year post-MI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Beta-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Stable coronary artery disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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