A relationship between increased peripheral resistance (TPRI) and decreased cardiac index (CI) and mortality from sepsis has been suggested. The relationship between endogenous opiates and this response was evaluated. Methods: Chronically instrumented sheep were given E. coli endotoxin (LPS, 1.5 mcg/kg x 30 minutes). In one study, survivors (n = 9) and nonsurvivors (n = 11) of LPS were compared along with survivors (n = 8) of half the dose of LPS. In a second study, two groups of animals received naloxone: one (n = 11) had a bolus of 2 mg/kg followed by a 2 mg/kg/hr continuous infusion started 30 minutes before LPS while the other had the bolus and infusion started 1 hour after LPS was begun. Results: Both vasoconstrictive and vasodilative phases were seen. Vasoconstriction was associated with elevated beta endorphin levels, a pattern sustained until death in the nonsurvivors. Both pre- and post-treatment with naloxone lessened the maximum increase in total peripheral resistance index compared with untreated sheep. Discussion: The vasoconstrictive aspects of the response to LPS correlated with elevated beta endorphin levels and with mortality. This vascular response is attenuated with naloxone blockade.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma|
|State||Published - 1988|
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