Beyond Borders: Investigating the Mysteries of Cacipacoré, a Lesser-Studied Arbovirus in Brazil

Marielena V. Saivish, Maurício L. Nogueira, Shannan Rossi, Nikos Vasilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cacipacoré virus (CPCV) was discovered in 1977 deep in the Amazon rainforest from the blood of a black-faced ant thrush (Formicarius analis). As a member of the family Flaviviridae and genus orthoflavivirus, CPCV’s intricate ecological association with vectors and hosts raises profound questions. CPCV’s transmission cycle may involve birds, rodents, equids, bovines, marsupials, non-human primates, and bats as potential vertebrate hosts, whereas Culex and Aedes spp. mosquitoes have been implicated as potential vectors of transmission. The virus’ isolation across diverse biomes, including urban settings, suggests its adaptability, as well as presents challenges for its accurate diagnosis, and thus its impact on veterinary and human health. With no specific treatment or vaccine, its prevention hinges on traditional arbovirus control measures. Here, we provide an overview of its ecology, transmission cycles, epidemiology, pathogenesis, and prevention, aiming at improving our ability to better understand this neglected arbovirus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number336
JournalViruses
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • clinical manifestations
  • epidemiology
  • Orthoflavivirus
  • pathogenesis
  • transmission cycles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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