Bias and Groupthink in Science’s Peer-Review System

David B. Resnik, Elise M. Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

14 Scopus citations


Studies have shown that various types of biases can impact scientific peer review. These biases may contribute to a type of groupthink that can make it difficult to obtain funding or publish innovative or controversial research. The desire to achieve consensus and uniformity within a research group or scientific discipline can make it difficult for individuals to contradict the status quo. This chapter reviews the scientific literature regarding biases in the peer-review system, reflects on the potential impact of bias, and discusses approaches to minimize or control bias in peer review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGroupthink in Science
Subtitle of host publicationGreed, Pathological Altruism, Ideology, Competition, and Culture
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783030368227
ISBN (Print)9783030368210
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender bias
  • Peer review
  • Publication bias
  • Scientific journals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • General Medicine
  • General Social Sciences


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