Bioactive compounds from extremophiles

Indresh Kumar Maurya, Rahul Dilawari, Dipti Singh, Raghvendra Pratap Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extremophiles are microorganisms that grow and survive in harsh environmental conditions (e.g., extreme temperature and pressure, variable pH, high salinity, radiation, toxic waste, and metal concentrations). Extremophilic microorganisms have developed diverse strategies in order to survive in harsh conditions and produced different types of bioactive molecules such as extremolytes, extremozymes, and cryoprotectant. These biomolecules possess extraordinary properties such as salt tolerance, thermostability, and pH adaptivity and represent unique attributes under unembellished conditions, which can be compared to existing industrial procedures. These bioactive molecules have great potential for application in various biotechnological processes including agriculture, pharmaceutical, and food industries. In recent years, due to innovative molecular biology tools, genomics, bioinformatics, data mining, and culturing approaches have given unique prospects to explore novel biomolecules of extremophiles. So, this chapter discusses the sources, properties, extraction techniques, and varieties of bioactive compounds from different extremophiles and their different industrial applications for human welfare.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMicrobial Versatility in Varied Environments
Subtitle of host publicationMicrobes in Sensitive Environments
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages117-134
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9789811530289
ISBN (Print)9789811530272
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biomolecules
  • Extremophiles
  • Harsh conditions
  • Industrial applications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Professions(all)

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