Biology and biomechanics of the anterior cruciate ligament

B. A. Smith, G. A. Livesay, S. L.Y. Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations


With detailed information concerning the role of the anterior cruciate ligament in the overall kinematic response of the knee during external loading, current clinical management of the orthopedic injuries to this joint may be improved upon and refined. Among the largest challenges to be met will be elucidation of the effects of various levels and types of muscular stabilization concurrent with a precise determination of the roles of passive knee restraints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-670
Number of pages34
JournalClinics in Sports Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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