Bipolar affective disorder and high achievement: A familial association

W. Coryell, J. Endicott, M. Keller, N. Andreasen, W. Grove, R. M.A. Hirschfeld, W. Scheftner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


The authors studied 442 probands with nonbipolar major depression, 64 with bipolar II disorder, and 88 with bipolar I disorder. Although the proband groups did not differ in occupational or educational achievement, the first-degree relatives of probands with bipolar disorders had significantly higher mean levels of achievement than did those of probands with nonbipolar disorder. This pattern applied whether or not the relative themselves had bipolar illness. The authors conclude that the socioeconomic advantage previously associated with affective disorder in general may be limited to the bipolar forms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)983-988
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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