Bipolar disorder - Costs and comorbidity

Robert M A Hirschfeld, Lana A. Vornik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Not only is bipolar disorder a chronic, severe psychiatric disorder, it is also expensive to treat and expensive to society. An estimate of the total cost of bipolar disorder made more than a decade ago was as high as $45 billion per year. Most of this cost is accounted for by indirect costs related to reduced functional capacity and lost work. Patients with bipolar disorder have higher rates of utilization of healthcare resources compared with the general population and compared with patients with other types of psychiatric conditions. Comorbidity contributes to the heavy burden that bipolar disorder imposes on society. Bipolar disorder frequently occurs together with other psychiatric disorders, especially anxiety disorders and substance abuse. In addition, bipolar disorder has been associated with a variety of general medical conditions, which further complicate management of the psychiatric disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Managed Care
Volume11
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
StatePublished - Jun 2005

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comorbidity
Bipolar Disorder
Comorbidity
Costs and Cost Analysis
Psychiatry
costs
substance abuse
utilization
anxiety
Anxiety Disorders
management
resources
Substance-Related Disorders
Delivery of Health Care
Society
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Hirschfeld, R. M. A., & Vornik, L. A. (2005). Bipolar disorder - Costs and comorbidity. American Journal of Managed Care, 11(SUPPL. 3).

Bipolar disorder - Costs and comorbidity. / Hirschfeld, Robert M A; Vornik, Lana A.

In: American Journal of Managed Care, Vol. 11, No. SUPPL. 3, 06.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hirschfeld, RMA & Vornik, LA 2005, 'Bipolar disorder - Costs and comorbidity', American Journal of Managed Care, vol. 11, no. SUPPL. 3.
Hirschfeld RMA, Vornik LA. Bipolar disorder - Costs and comorbidity. American Journal of Managed Care. 2005 Jun;11(SUPPL. 3).
Hirschfeld, Robert M A ; Vornik, Lana A. / Bipolar disorder - Costs and comorbidity. In: American Journal of Managed Care. 2005 ; Vol. 11, No. SUPPL. 3.
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