Blood carboxyhemoglobin elimination curve, half-lifetime, and arterial-venous differences in acute phase of carbon monoxide poisoning in ovine smoke inhalation injury model

Satoshi Fukuda, Yosuke Niimi, Clark R. Andersen, Ennert R. Manyeza, Jose D. Rojas, Donald S. Prough, Perenlei Enkhbaatar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Smoke inhalation injury (SII) affects more than 50,000 people annually causing carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Although the increased blood level of carboxyhemoglobin (CO-Hb) is frequently used to confirm the diagnosis of SII, knowledge of its elimination in the acute phase is still limited. The aim of this study is to determine CO-Hb elimination rates and their differences in arterial (aCO-Hb) and mixed-venous (vCO-Hb) blood following severe SII in a clinically relevant ovine model. Forty-three chronically instrumented female sheep were subjected to SII (12 breaths, 4 sets) through tracheostomy tube under anesthesia and analgesia. After the SII, sheep were awakened and placed on a mechanical ventilator (FiO2 = 1.0, tidal volume 12 mL/kg, and PEEP = 5cmH2O) and monitored. Arterial and mixed-venous blood samples were withdrawn simultaneously for blood gas analysis at various time points to determine CO-HB half-lifetime and an elimination curve. The mean of highest aCO-Hb level during SII was 70.8 ± 13.9%. The aCO-Hb elimination curve showed an approximated exponential decay during the first 60 min. Per mixed linear regression model analysis, aCO-Hb significantly (p < 0.001) declined (4.3%/minute) with a decay constant lambda of 0.044. With this lambda, mean lifetime and half-lifetime of aCO-Hb were 22.7 and 15.7 min, respectively. The aCO-Hb was significantly lower compared to vCO-Hb at all-time points (0–180 min). To our knowledge, this is the first report describing CO-Hb elimination curve in the acute phase after severe SII in the clinically relevant ovine model. Our data shows that CO-Hb is decreasing in linear manner with supportive mechanical ventilation (0–60 min). The results may help to understand CO-Hb elimination curve in the acute phase and improvement of pre-hospital and initial clinical care in patients with CO poisoning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume526
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2020

Keywords

  • Acute lung injury
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Carboxyhemoglobin
  • Elimination curve
  • Half-life
  • Smoke inhalation injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Blood carboxyhemoglobin elimination curve, half-lifetime, and arterial-venous differences in acute phase of carbon monoxide poisoning in ovine smoke inhalation injury model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this