Blood gas, cardiopulmonary, and urine electrolyte reference values in the pregnant yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus)

John H. Cissik, Gary Hankins, John C. Hauth, Thomas J. Kuehl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


We measured urine sodium and potassium; respiratory rate, lung water, and arterial and mixed venous blood gases; adult and fetal heart rates; hematocrit, plasma sodium and potassium; cardiac output; and arterial, pulmonary artery, central venous, and pulmonary wedge pressures in 13 clinically normal, pregnant yellow baboons (papio cynocephalus). Arithmetic means, standard deviations, and coefficients of variation were calculated to develop reference values; in addition, the 95% confidence limits for ranges were established and regression analyses were performed to determine relationships between parameters. Comparison of derived data with those from published values for nonpregnant baboons indicated differences similar to those seen when examining pregnant and nonpregnant humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-284
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes



  • animal pregnancy
  • hemodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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