Body composition changes with time in pediatric burn patients

Rene Przkora, Robert E. Barrow, Marc G. Jeschke, Oscar Suman, Mario Celis, Arthur P. Sanford, David L. Chinkes, Ronald P. Mlcak, David Herndon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Major trauma and burns are associated with whole body catabolism which can persist for 1 or more years after injury. This study investigates body composition in massively burned children for up to 2 years. Methods: Twenty-five pediatric patients with greater than 40% total body surface area burns were studied. At discharge, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after burn height, weight, body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE), serum growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), insulin, cortisol, parathyroid hormone, and thyroid hormones were measured. Tukey's test was used for analysis. Significance was accepted at p < 0.05. Results: Lean body mass, fat mass, bone mineral content, height, and weight increased significantly during the second year after burn. Percent predicted REE decreased significantly, whereas IGFBP-3 and parathyroid hormone levels increased significantly over time. Insulin and T3 uptake were significantly higher at discharge. Conclusions: Body composition of severely burned children significantly improved in the second year compared with the first year after injury. This demonstrates a need for long-term rehabilitation in these burn patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)968-971
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

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Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Bone mineral content
  • Bone mineral density
  • Catabolism
  • Height
  • Hormones
  • Hypermetabolism
  • Lean body mass
  • Pediatric burns
  • Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Przkora, R., Barrow, R. E., Jeschke, M. G., Suman, O., Celis, M., Sanford, A. P., Chinkes, D. L., Mlcak, R. P., & Herndon, D. (2006). Body composition changes with time in pediatric burn patients. Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, 60(5), 968-971. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000214580.27501.19