Brefeldin A Block of Integrin-dependent Mechanosensitive ATP Release from Xenopus Oocytes Reveals a Novel Mechanism of Mechanotransduction

Rosario Maroto, Owen P. Hamill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Scopus citations


Many animal cells release ATP into the extracellular medium, and often this release is mechanosensitive. However, the mechanisms underlying this release are not well understood. Using the luciferin-luciferase bioluminescent assay we demonstrate that a Xenopus oocyte releases ATP at a basal rate ∼ 0.01 fmol/s, and gentle mechanical stimulation can increase this to 50 fmol/s. Brefeldin A, nocodazole, and progesterone-induced-maturation block basal and mechanosensitive ATP release. These treatments share the common feature of disrupting the Golgi complex and vesicle trafficking to the cell surface and thereby block protein secretion and membrane protein insertion. We propose that ATP release occurs when protein transport vesicles enriched in ATP fuse with the plasma membrane. Collagenase, integrin-binding peptides, and cytochalasin D also block ATP release, indicating that extracellular, membrane and cytoskeletal elements are involved in the release process. Elevation of intracellular Ca2+ does not evoke ATP release but potentiates mechanosensitive ATP release. Our study indicates a novel mechanism of mechanotransduction that would allow cells to regulate membrane trafficking and protein transport/secretion in response to mechanical loading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23867-23872
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number26
StatePublished - Jun 29 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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