Brief report: Under-representation of african americans in autism genetic research: A rationale for inclusion of subjects representing diverse family structures

Claudia L. Hilton, Robert T. Fitzgerald, Kelley M. Jackson, Rolanda A. Maxim, Christopher C. Bosworth, Paul T. Shattuck, Daniel H. Geschwind, John N. Constantino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

African American children with autism are seriously under-represented in existing genetic registries and biomedical research studies of autism. We estimated the number of African American children with autism in the St. Louis region using CDC surveillance data and present the outcomes of a concerted effort to enroll approximately one-third of that population into either of two large national genetic autism registries. The results revealed that even after traditional barriers to research participation were addressed and all contacted families expressed a willingness to participate, 67% of the reachable families were disqualified from participation because of family structure alone. Comprehensive efforts-including expansion of eligibility to families of diverse structure-are warranted to facilitate the inclusion of African American children in biomedical research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-639
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • African American
  • Ethnicity
  • Minority representation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this