Burn Resuscitation Practices in North America: Results of the Acute Burn ResUscitation Multicenter Prospective Trial (ABRUPT)

David G. Greenhalgh, Robert Cartotto, Sandra L. Taylor, Jeffrey R. Fine, Giavonni M. Lewis, David J. Smith, Michael A. Marano, Angela Gibson, Lucy A. Wibbenmeyer, James H. Holmes, Julie A. Rizzo, Kevin N. Foster, Anjay Khandelwal, Sarah Fischer, Mark R. Hemmila, David Hill, Ariel M. Aballay, Edward E. Tredget, Jeremy Goverman, Herbert PhelanCarlos J. Jimenez, Anthony Baldea, Rajiv Sood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objectives: ABRUPT was a prospective, noninterventional, observational study of resuscitation practices at 21 burn centers. The primary goal was to examine burn resuscitation with albumin or crystalloids alone, to design a future prospective randomized trial. Summary Background Data: No modern prospective study has determined whether to use colloids or crystalloids for acute burn resuscitation. Methods: Patients 18 years with burns 20% total body surface area (TBSA) had hourly documentation of resuscitation parameters for 48 hours. Patients received either crystalloids alone or had albumin supplemented to crystalloid based on center protocols. Results: Of 379 enrollees, two-thirds (253) were resuscitated with albumin and one-third (126) were resuscitated with crystalloid alone. Albumin patients received more total fluid than Crystalloid patients (5.2 ± 2.3 vs 3.7 ± 1.7 mL/kg/% TBSA burn/24 hours), but patients in the Albumin Group were older, had larger burns, higher admission Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores, and more inhalation injury. Albumin lowered the in-to-out (I/O) ratio and was started 12 hours in patients with the highest initial fluid requirements, given 12 hours with intermediate requirements, and avoided in patients who responded to crystalloid alone. Conclusions: Albumin use is associated with older age, larger and deeper burns, and more severe organ dysfunction at presentation. Albumin supplementation is started when initial crystalloid rates are above expected targets and improves the I/O ratio. The fluid received in the first 24 hours was at or above the Parkland Formula estimate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)512-519
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • albumin
  • burns
  • crystalloid
  • resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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