cAMP-independent effects of cholera toxin on B cell activation: III. Cholera toxin A subunit-mediated ADP-ribosylation acts synergistically with ionomycin or IL-4 to induce B cell proliferation

M. L. Francis, I. Okazaki, J. Moss, A. Kurosky, L. M.T. Pecanha, J. J. Mond

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15 Scopus citations


To investigate whether ADP-ribosylation of proteins by cholera toxin could influence B cell activation, B cells were incubated with the A subunit of cholera toxin. Ionomycin acted synergistically to induce B cell proliferation with the A subunit of cholera toxin but not with cAMP-enhancing agents or with the B subunit of cholera toxin, suggesting that the synergistic effect of the A subunit was mediated via ADP-ribosylation and not via cAMP elevations or ganglioside G(MT) binding. Indeed, inhibitors of ADP- ribosylation blocked the synergistic effect. Unlike anti-Ig, B cell proliferation stimulated by LPS or by the combination of the A subunit and ionomycin was observed in protein kinase C (PKC)-depleted B cells. However, neither the A subunit nor ionomycin enhanced B cell proliferation stimulated by low dose LPS, suggesting that the A subunit plus ionomycin stimulated an activation pathway distinct from the LPS-stimulated pathway. Additionally, unlike LPS, the A subunit plus ionomycin did not stimulate B cells in vitro to secrete Ig. IL-4 acted synergistically with the A subunit to induce B cell proliferation to the same extent as it did with anti-Ig; unlike the anti-Ig plus IL-4 synergy, however, the A subunit plus IL-4-mediated synergy persisted in PKC-depleted B cells. Taken together, our data suggest that cholera toxin A subunit-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation modifies a non-Gs protein involved in the activation of B cells, either through a novel pathway or at a point distal to the activation of PKC along the anti-Ig-stimulated pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4956-4964
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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